Hbase、elasticsearch整合中jar包冲突

问题背景

再数据平台中,项目搭建需要使用es和HBASE搭建数据查询接口,整合的过程中出现jar包冲突的bug :com.google.common.base.Stopwatch.()V from class org.apache.hadoop.hbase.zookeeper.MetaTableLocator

org.apache.hadoop.hbase.DoNotRetryIOException: java.lang.IllegalAccessError: tried to access method com.google.common.base.Stopwatch.<init>()V from class org.apache.hadoop.hbase.zookeeper.MetaTableLocator
        at org.apache.hadoop.hbase.client.RpcRetryingCaller.translateException(RpcRetryingCaller.java:239)
        at org.apache.hadoop.hbase.client.RpcRetryingCaller.callWithRetries(RpcRetryingCaller.java:150)
        ...
        at java.lang.Thread.run(Thread.java:745)
Caused by: java.lang.IllegalAccessError: tried to access method com.google.common.base.Stopwatch.<init>()V from class org.apache.hadoop.hbase.zookeeper.MetaTableLocator
        at org.apache.hadoop.hbase.zookeeper.MetaTableLocator.blockUntil
        ...
        at org.apache.hadoop.hbase.client.RegionServerCallable.prepare(RegionServerCallable.java:75)
        at org.apache.hadoop.hbase.client.RpcRetryingCaller.callWithRetries(RpcRetryingCaller.java:134)
        ... 45 more

解决办法

经排查,确认是因为 com.google.guava 这个包引起的冲突。es依赖于18及以上版本,而HBASE只支持16及以上版本。而guava这个包从17开始内部发生变化,方法发生改变,所以18并不会向下兼容16版本。在项目运行的过程中,如果同时引入16、18版本,es及hbase的调用过程会发生混乱。那么接下来就好办了,我们可以重新打包,将guava18打入es内部,再在pom文件中显示引用guava16版本的包。这样,es调用包内部打入的guava18,而hbase调用外部的guava16。

重新打包

新建maven工程,在pom文件中进行如下配置:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0"
         xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
         xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd">
    <modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>

    <!--
        this maven project is aim to fix the jar comflic in hbase & elasticsearch.
        in es, required guava 18+ or up. but in hbase you should use guava 16- or blow.

        cd the project directory and run 'sh ./cleanbuild.sh',you will get a new-self jar.
        then, adjust your project pom.xml whth:
        <dependency>
            <groupId>douguo.shaded.elasticsearch</groupId>
            <artifactId>douguo_shaded_elasticsearch</artifactId>
            <version>1.0-SNAPSHOT</version>
            <exclusions>
                <exclusion>
                    <groupId>org.elasticsearch</groupId>
                    <artifactId>elasticsearch</artifactId>
                </exclusion>
            </exclusions>
        </dependency>
        finally, your jar comflic will be fixed.

        @date:2017-11-30
        @author:zhangjianfei
        @since:douguo.shaded.elasticsearch-1.0.0
    -->
    <groupId>douguo.shaded.elasticsearch</groupId>
    <artifactId>douguo_shaded_elasticsearch</artifactId>
    <version>1.0-SNAPSHOT</version>

    <properties>
        <elasticsearch.version>2.4.1</elasticsearch.version>
    </properties>
    <dependencies>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.elasticsearch</groupId>
            <artifactId>elasticsearch</artifactId>
            <version>${elasticsearch.version}</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.elasticsearch.plugin</groupId>
            <artifactId>shield</artifactId>
            <version>${elasticsearch.version}</version>
        </dependency>
    </dependencies>
    <build>
        <plugins>
            <plugin>
                <groupId>org.apache.maven.plugins</groupId>
                <artifactId>maven-shade-plugin</artifactId>
                <version>2.4.1</version>
                <configuration>
                    <createDependencyReducedPom>false</createDependencyReducedPom>
                </configuration>
                <executions>
                    <execution>
                        <phase>package</phase>
                        <goals>
                            <goal>shade</goal>
                        </goals>
                        <configuration>
                            <relocations>
                                <relocation>
                                    <pattern>com.google.guava</pattern>
                                    <shadedPattern>douguo.shaded.elasticsearch.guava</shadedPattern>
                                </relocation>
                                <relocation>
                                    <pattern>org.joda</pattern>
                                    <shadedPattern>douguo.shaded.elasticsearch.joda</shadedPattern>
                                </relocation>
                                <relocation>
                                    <pattern>com.google.common</pattern>
                                    <shadedPattern>douguo.shaded.elasticsearch.common</shadedPattern>
                                </relocation>
                                <relocation>
                                    <pattern>com.google.thirdparty</pattern>
                                    <shadedPattern>douguo.shaded.elasticsearch.thirdparty</shadedPattern>
                                </relocation>
                            </relocations>
                            <transformers>
                                <transformer implementation="org.apache.maven.plugins.shade.resource.ManifestResourceTransformer" />
                            </transformers>
                        </configuration>
                    </execution>
                </executions>
            </plugin>
        </plugins>
    </build>

    <repositories>
        <repository>
            <id>elasticsearch-releases</id>
            <url>http://maven.elasticsearch.org/releases</url>
            <releases>
                <enabled>true</enabled>
                <updatePolicy>daily</updatePolicy>
            </releases>
            <snapshots>
                <enabled>false</enabled>
            </snapshots>
        </repository>
    </repositories>

</project>

将org.joda等4个可能有冲突的jar包通过maven-shade-plugin插件迁移后重新打个jar包从而使得在引入这个jar包时能够使用该jar包自己的依赖而不是使用外部依赖。这里需要注意的是,需要将com.google.common等4个包全部重新迁移,否则会出现java.lang.IllegalAccessError: tried to access method com.google.common.base的错误

项目打包

mvn clean install

新的依赖包会在.m2 maven仓库中,如果公司搭建了仓库的话,需要上传jar包。如果直接运行jar包的话,记得重新编译项目,并替换lib目录

项目载入新包

只需要在pom文件中配置:

<!-- douguo.shaded.elasticsearch -->
<dependency>
    <groupId>douguo.shaded.elasticsearch</groupId>
    <artifactId>douguo_shaded_elasticsearch</artifactId>
    <version>1.0-SNAPSHOT</version>
    <exclusions>
        <exclusion>
            <groupId>org.elasticsearch</groupId>
            <artifactId>elasticsearch</artifactId>
        </exclusion>
    </exclusions>
</dependency>


<!-- https://mvnrepository.com/artifact/com.google.guava/guava -->
<!-- this guava is only used in habse
     in es, 18.0+ is required, but hbase only supported 16.0 or blow.
     clean as install douguo.shaded.elasticsearch -->
<dependency>
    <groupId>com.google.guava</groupId>
    <artifactId>guava</artifactId>
    <version>16.0</version>
</dependency>

这样,guava18包就在douguo.shaded.elasticsearch下,es会优先调用。而外部配置的guava16就会被HBASE调用。2个版本的jar包互相独立存在!

到此,问题就解决了!


参考文章:

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